Triple Unite 1643 Charles I (1625-1649) Oxford mint. S2726. Rarer type with half-length crowned portrait of king in armour and scarf flying from shoulder. Plume behind head. King has symbolic sword in one hand and olive branch in other. Mint mark Oxford plume above. Obverse legend reads: CAROLVS: D: G: MAGN: BRIT: FR: ET: HI: REX Reverse has declaration in 3 lines on ornate scroll. RELIG: PROT: LEG: ANGL: LIBER: This is the King’s undertaking to uphold the Protestant religion, the laws of the kingdom, and the freedoms and privileges of Parliament. Struck on a large full flan which is slightly irregular as is usual for this type. EF the reverse better and virtually mint state, with some original lustre. Therefore a rarer type and in higher grade than the example which realised £56,000 in our last sale (lot 1719)
ShillingCharles I 1648 Pontefract besieged, lozenge-shaped with XII to right of castle, dividing PC S.3149 VF with a pleasing grey tone, nicely centred with an even strike for this issue, exhibiting much eye appeal, Very rare and seldom encountered as nice as this, superior to the example in Auction A148 (Lot 1574) which realised £4212 inclusive of buyers premium
Hammered a small group (4) ShillingCharles I Group E S.2797 mintmark Anchor Good Fine with old toning, Sixpences Elizabeth I (2) 1574 S.2563 mintmark Eglantine, Fine with grey tone, Milled Issue 1562 Large Bust, with elaborately decorated dress S.2596 mintmark Star Fine with a hint of ancient tooling under an old grey tone, Sixpence James I 1624 Sixth Bust S.2670 Bold Fine with grey tone, all with old sales tickets
Triple Unite 1643. Oxford mint. Charles I Mint mark plume with bands, on obverse only. S2727. North 2384 (Very Rare) Schneider 295. Obverse, ornate taller bust CAROLVS. D: G: MAGN: BRIT: FRAN: ET: HIB: REX. Reverse, ‘Declaration’ on continuous scroll RELIG: PROT: LEG: ANG LIBER: PAR (This is Charles promising to protect ‘the religion of the Protestants, the laws of England, the liberty of Parliament’) with denomination numerals (III) above and date 1644 below. A tiny piece of excess metal is evident on the reverse above PROT. This is the same original flaw as seen on the Schneider specimen from the same dies. EF, An exceptional coin, fully round and well centred. All lettering and detail crisply struck. The Triple Unite was produced in the early years of the English Civil War in the period 1642-1644 and it was the most spectacular coin issued during a reign known for its numismatic diversity. Charles I moved his base from London to Oxford in 1642, but Parliament had secured the support of the City of London with its bankers and merchants. Nevertheless the king was determined to continue the production of gold and silver coinage and set up the Oxford mint in New Hall Inn, Oxford. The Triple Unite was in effect a large propaganda piece produced by the Royalists in their ongoing clash with the forces of Parliament, and was made in very small numbers over a 3 year period.
PoundCharles I 1642 Oxford Mint, Shrewsbury horseman trampling on arms, Reverse three Oxford Plumes above denomination S.2939 NVF, the obverse with some double striking, the reverse boldly struck, with two flan cracks, one at 3 o'clock, the other at 6 o'clock
CrownCharles IExeter Mint 1644 mintmark Rose divides date S.3057 VF, the flan a little uneven between 1 and 3 o'clock, overall sharply struck with much eye appeal, according to our archive database the first of this type we have handled, so in terms of actual archival evidence, this type probably scarcer than catalogue values would suggest
Halfcrowns to Halfpennies a wide ranging group (45) Halfcrowns Charles I (2) S.2776 mintmark Triangle, S.2777 mintmark Star, Shillings (11) Edward VI Fine Silver Issue S.2482 mintmark y, Elizabeth I (4) Second issue S.2555 mintmark Cross Crosslet, Sixth Issue (2) S.2577 mintmark Key, S.2577 mintmark Tun, Seventh Issue S.2584 mintmark 1, James I (2) Second Coinage S.2655 Fourth Bust, mintmark Bell, Second Coinage 1607 Fifth Bust S.2656 mintmark Grapes, Charles I (4) Group E, S.2797 mintmark Triangle, Group F, larger bust S.2799 mintmark Triangle in Circle, Group G (under Parliament) S.2800 mintmark Sun (2) one struck on an uneven flan, Sixpences (9) Elizabeth I (5) 1562 S.2560 mintmark Pheon, 1562 Milled Issue (2) S.2595 mintmark Star, S.2596 mintmark Star, 1567 Milled Issue S.2599, Small Bust, mintmark Lis, 1579 Fifth Issue S.2572 Mintmark Greek Cross, James I (2) First Coinage, First Bust 1603 S.2647 mintmark Thistle, Fourth Bust S.2658 mintmark Coronet, Charles I Group D, no inner circles, S.2813 mintmark Bell, Charles II Third Issue S.3323 mintmark Crown, Groats (4) Edward IVLondon Mint, Light Coinage, Henry VIII Facing Bust issue S.2199 mintmark Pansy, Elizabeth I Second Issue, S.2556 mintmark Martlet, Charles II Third IssueS.3324 mintmark Crown, Threepences (2) Elizabeth I Fifth Issue 1569 S.2573 mintmark Coronet, Elizabeth I Fifth issue 1578 S.2573 mintmark Greek Cross, Halfgroats (7) Henry VI Calais Mint, Pinecone-Mascle issue S.1877 Mintmark Cross Patonce, Edward IV Canterbury Mint clipped, Henry VII Canterbury Mint S.2209 Mintmark Tun, Elizabeth I, Pellets behind Bust S.2579 mintmark Crescent, James I (3) Smaller Crown on Obverse S.2660 mintmark Trefoil, S.2659 mintmark Trefoil, S.2660 mintmark Thistle, Pennies (8) Henry III Long Cross (3), Henry III Short Cross (2), Edward I London Mint (3), Halfpennies (2) James I S.2663 (2) Near Fine to GVF the majority of the coins evenly struck and Fine or better, with some nearer VF than Fine, a pleasing group
Half PoundCharles I 1643 Oxford Mint, Shrewsbury horseman trampling on arms, Reverse three Oxford Plumes above denomination S.2945A Fine, the reverse better, on a full and round flan, the obverse slightly weak on the horse, the reverse bold and clear
CrownCharles ITower Mint Group II, second horseman, type 2a, smaller horse with plume on head only, Reverse Oval shield no cross fourchee, Plume between CR above shield, S.2756 mintmark Rose Good Fine and bold with an old grey tone
CrownCharles ITower Mint Group III type 3a, horse without caparisons, King's sword upright, Reverse oval shield without CR, S.2758 mintmark Bell over Portcullis/Bell, Fine/Good Fine, the reverse particularly bold, with an old grey tone, comes with an old ticket stating 'Glendinings sale April 1928 Lot 92'
SixpenceCharles I 1646 Bridgnorth MintS.3041 mintmark B, VF and bold on a slightly irregular flan, Very rare, we note that we have only handled two previous examples, this finer than both the previous two
HalfcrownCharles ITower Mint under the King, Group I, type 1a2, first horseman horse caparisoned with plumes on head and crupper, floriate spray on housing (no rose), no ground-line, S.2764 mintmark Lis, About VF, on a full round flan
HalfcrownCharles ITower Mint under Parliament, transitional type, S.2779B mintmark Sun VF and struck on a slightly oval flan, as many are, probably about 'as made' with a couple of small weaker areas, very little actual wear evident
Shillings Charles I (2) Tower mint under the King Sixth Large Briot Bust S.2799 mintmark Triangle Good Fine, toned, Tower Mint under Parliament Sixth Large Briot Bust mintmark ( R ) S.2800 NVF toned, on a slightly uneven flan
Shillings (2) Charles I Group D, Fourth Bust, type 3a, no inner circles, Reverse round garnished shield with no CR, S.2791 mintmark Crown Fine/Good Fine on a slightly misshapen flan, Charles I Group E, single arched crown, large XII,S.2795 mintmark Anchor F/NVF
Shillings Charles I (3) Group D, Fourth Bust, Reverse Oval shield with CR at sides, S.2789 mintmark Portcullis, Good Fine and bold, Group F, Sixth large Briot bust, S.2799 mintmark Triangle in circle, Good Fine on a misshapen flan, Group F, Sixth large Briot bust, S.2799 mintmark Star Fair/NF, Penny Charles I Fair/VG
UniteCharles I Second Bust Group B S.2687 mintmark Cross Calvary F/GF with some hairlines at the top of the reverse where the mintmark is almost absent, and a smoothed area correspondingly at the R of REGNA, viewing recommended
CrownCharles IExeter Mint 1643-1646 mintmark Rose (issued 1644) Obverse with colon stops in legend, Reverse mintmark to right of date, with pellet stops in legend S.3058 Fine, toned and double-struck on both sides with a small flan crack at around 6 o'clock
HalfcrownCharles ITower Mint under Parliament S.2778 mintmark Eye VF or better with a couple of flan cracks, overall a very attractive example and unusually well struck, the King and horse with particularly good detail
Hammered a small group (7) SixpenceElizabeth I 1569 mintmark Coronet, bold Fine, Groats (2) Mary S.2492 GF creased, Henry VIII Laker Bust D NVF, Pennies (3) Elizabeth I Second Issue mintmark Cross Crosslet, Charles I no inner circles, mintmark off flan F/GF, Charles I inner circle on obverse, mintmark two pellets Good Fine with an edge clip, HalfgroatCharles II machine made issue Good Fine
Shillings Charles I (5) Group C, Class 2a S.2787 mintmark Rose, About Fine/Fine, Group E, Fifth Bust S.2794 mintmark Tun, Fine/Good Fine, Group F Sixth Large Briot Bust, S.2799 mintmark Star, Group F Sixth Large Briot Bust S.2799 mintmark Triangle in Circle Fair/VG, Group F under Parliament S.2799 mintmark (R) Fine
Halfcrowns Charles I (2) Group IV type 4 horseman, foreshortened horse S.2779 mintmark Triangle in Circle Fair, Group IV transitional typeS.2779B mintmark Sun NF, Sixpence Group D, Fourth Bust type 3a, no inner circles, S.2813 mintmark Crown VG
Shillings (2) Elizabeth I Sixth Issue S.2577 mintmark Escallop Near Fine/Fine the obverse with some wear on the portrait, Charles I Group D, Fourth Bust, type 3.1 with falling lace collar, Reverse with Garnished oval shield, CR at sides, S.2789 mintmark Harp VG or better/About Fine with some thin scratches, along with Spain 2 Reales 1725J Good Fine
CrownCharles ITower Mint under the King, Second horseman, type 2a, smaller horse with plume on head only and cross on housing S.2755 mintmark Harp, Good Fine and even, the obverse with many flan stress marks
Halfcrowns (2) Charles ITower Mint under Parliament, Group V, fifth horseman spirited horse with bushy tail, S.2780 mintmark Sun, approaching Fine, Charles I Tower Mint under the King, Group IV, fourth horseman, foreshortened horse S.2779 mintmark Triangle in circle About Fine on an irregularly shaped flan
Shillings (2) Charles I Group D, type 3a, no inner circles, S.2791 mintmark Bell, Fine/Good Fine the reverse with a pleasing tone, Charles I Group D, type 3a, no inner circles, S.2791 mintmark Crown, Fine with some surface marks
HalfcrownCharles IExeter Mint 1643 - 45 Briot style horseman small and neat riding over lumpy ground. Besley K21. JDB 1030 (this coin) N2550/1 var. S3069 var. mint mark rose, richly toned and probably about as struck for this rare type. Believed to be one of only four known specimens Ex V.J.E Ryan 1952 Lot 1190, Brooker 1030, Patrick Finn list 13 no 303
CrownCharles ITower Mint under the King, Group I First horseman type 1a, horse caparisoned with plume on head and crupper , reverse square topped shield, S.2753 mintmark Lis minor tooling in one angle otherwise pleasing Fine on a generous large flan
HalfcrownCharles ITower Mint under the King, Group I First horseman, type 1a2, horse caparisoned with plume on head and crupper, no rose on housings, no ground-line S.2764 mintmark Lis About VF with a couple of weak areas, a pleasing piece with much eye appeal
ShillingCharles IPattern or Medalet in silver 1628 by N.Briot 29mm diameter, Eimer 112, North 2676, Obverse the Royal Shield within collar and badge of the Order of the Thistle, crowned, all within the Garter CAROLVS D:G. ANG. SCO. FRAN. ET. HIB. REX. FIDEI. DEF. Reverse Crossed Sceptre and Trident, united by a cord. REGIT. VNVS. VITROQUE Exergue. 1628, Fine/About Fine with some dark areas in the reverse legend
Farthings (17) Edward ILondon Mint, class 9 with E R at the beginning of the obverse legend, Fair, James I Harington type I (2), James I Harington type 2 (5), Charles IRichmond (5) some with old collectors tickets, Charles I Rose (4, 1 holed) VG to VF, along with a Coin weight 22.5mm diameter in brass, for a Halfcrown with D XXX in two lines on each side, About Fine, an interesting group with many varieties and worthy of further study for the variety specialist
SixpenceCharles I 1646 Bridgenorth Mint, plume before face, formerly catalogued as Lundy Island, S.3041 mintmark B/- , NVF with a small area of clipping between 10 and 11 o'clock on the reverse Very Rare and seldom offered,
Shillings (7) Edward VI Fine Silver issue mintmark y (2), James I Second Coinage (2) one mintmark Coronet, the other not visible, Charles I (2) mintmark Anchor on side, and mintmark Star, Commonwealth 1653 holed in centre, in mixed grades Fair to About Fine
Shillings Charles I (3) Group D, Fourth Bust, type 3a, no inner circles S.2791 (Sharp E2/2) mintmark Crown Fine/Good Fine with weak portrait, Group D, Fourth Bust, type 3a, no inner circles, rare bust variety, Large crude bust S.2792 (Sharp E4/2) mintmark Tun Fine/Good Fine on a misshapen flan, Group G (under Parliament) Seventh Bust, type 4.5 S.,2802 (Sharp H2/2) mintmark Sceptre About Fine/Good Fine the portrait weak, rare
Shillings (5) Elizabeth I (2) Second Issue S.2555 mintmark Martlet pleasing Fine, Sixth Issue S.2577 mintmark Tun NVF, James I Third Coinage, Sixth Bust S.2668 mintmark Lis Good Fine and pleasing, Charles I (2) Group F, Sixth Large Briot Bust S.2799 mintmark Triangle in Circle Good Fine and bust, on an uneven flan as often, Group D Fourth Bust, S.2791 mintmark Tun, GF/GVF toned the bust weakly struck, the shield with excellent detail and little real wear, HalfgroatCommonwealth S. Good Fine with some scratches on the reverse, PennyHenry III Good Fine
Shillings (5) Elizabeth I (2) Second Issue mintmark Cross Crosslet, Sixth Issue mintmark Tun, Charles I (3) CAROLS error legend, mintmark Tun, mintmark Triangle in circle, mintmark Crown VG to Good Fine
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